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" Does Perioperative Patient Perfusion Obviate the Need for Kidney Machine Perfusion?" A Retrospective Analysis of Patients Receiving a Kidney From "Donation After Circulatory Death" Donors

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Delayed graft function (DGF) remains a clinically relevant problem in the post-transplant period, especially in patients with a renal graft from a "donation after cardiac death" (DCD) donor. Controversy exists around the optimal perioperative fluid therapy in such patients. These patients may benefit from a perioperative saline loading fluid protocol, which may reduce the risk of DGF. METHODS: We compared 2 cohorts of patients who underwent a renal transplantation with a graft from a DCD donor. From January 2003 until December 2012, patients (N = 46) were hemodynamically managed at the discretion of the care-giving physician, without a preoperative fluid administration protocol (first study period). From January 2015 until March 2019 (N = 26), patients received saline loading before, during, and after kidney transplantation according to a well-defined saline loading fluid protocol (second study period). The relationship between the use of this perioperative fluid protocol and DGF was analyzed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS: DGF occurred in 11 of 46 (24%) patients in the first study period and in 1 of 26 (4%) in the second study period (P < .05). In a multivariable model, correcting for cold ischemia time and Kidney Donor Risk Index, the use of a saline loading fluid protocol in the perioperative phase was nearly significantly associated with a decrease in DGF (P = .07). CONCLUSION: In our DCD transplant population, DGF rates were low. Our data further strongly suggest that implementation of a perioperative saline loading fluid protocol was independently associated with a lower risk of DGF.
Journal: Transplantation Proceedings
ISSN: 0041-1345
Issue: 10
Volume: 52
Pages: 2923 - 2929
Number of pages: 7
Publication year:2020