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Diagnostic Allele-Specific PCR for the Identification of Candida auris Clades

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Candida auris is an opportunistic pathogenic yeast that emerged worldwide during the past decade. This fungal pathogen poses a significant public health threat due to common multidrug resistance (MDR), alarming hospital outbreaks, and frequent misidentification. Genomic analyses have identified five distinct clades that are linked to five geographic areas of origin and characterized by differences in several phenotypic traits such as virulence and drug resistance. Typing of C. auris strains and the identification of clades can be a powerful tool in molecular epidemiology and might be of clinical importance by estimating outbreak and MDR potential. As C. auris has caused global outbreaks, including in low-income countries, typing C. auris strains quickly and inexpensively is highly valuable. We report five allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) assays for the identification of C. auris and each of the five described clades of C. auris based on conserved mutations in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA region and a clade-specific gene cluster. This PCR method provides a fast, cheap, sequencing-free diagnostic tool for the identification of C. auris, C. auris clades, and potentially, the discovery of new clades.
Journal: J Fungi (Basel)
ISSN: 2309-608X
Issue: 9
Volume: 7
Number of pages: 14
Publication year:2021