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Diagnostic accuracy of noninvasive bone turnover markers in renal osteodystrophy

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Rationale & Objective Bone biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosing renal osteodystrophy as comparable non-invasive alternatives have yet to be established. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of biochemical markers of skeletal remodeling to predict bone turnover. Study Design Cross-sectional retrospective diagnostic test study. Setting & Participants Patients with chronic kidney disease stages G4-G5D and kidney transplant recipients with successful transiliac bone biopsies. Tests Compared Bone turnover as determined by bone histomorphometry was compared to the following biochemical markers: Full-length (1-84) parathyroid hormone (PTH), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BsAP), intact procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide (PINP), and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase isoform 5b (TRAP5b). Outcome Diagnostic performance was evaluated by area under the receiver operator characteristics curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive values. Optimal diagnostic cutoffs were determined in an exploration cohort (n=100) and validated in a separate cohort (n=99). Results All biomarkers differed across categories of low 33 (17%), normal 109 (55%), and high 57 (29%) bone turnover. AUC values were in the range of 0.75 – 0.85. High negative predictive values (≥90%) were found for both high and low bone turnover, indicating the ability to rule out both conditions using the suggested biomarker cutoffs. The highest diagnostic performances were seen with combinations of biomarkers, with overall diagnostic accuracies of 90% for high turnover, and 78% for low turnover. Results were comparable for kidney transplant candidates and recipients in a sensitivity analysis. Limitations The single-center approach and heterogeneity of the study cohort are main limitations of this study. Conclusions We conclude that the diagnostic performance of biochemical markers of bone turnover is acceptable, with clinical utility in ruling out both high and low turnover bone disease.
Journal: American journal of kidney diseases
ISSN: 0272-6386
Volume: 79
Pages: 667 - 676.e1
Publication year:2022
Keywords:A1 Journal article