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Development of an integrated competency framework for postgraduate paediatric training

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Subtitle:a Delphi study
Competency-based education (CBE) has transformed medical training during the last decades. In Flanders (Belgium), multiple competency frameworks are being used concurrently guiding paediatric postgraduate CBE. This study aimed to merge these frameworks into an integrated competency framework for postgraduate paediatric training. In a first phase, these frameworks were scrutinized and merged into one using the Canadian Medical Education Directives for Specialists (CanMEDS) framework as a comprehensive basis. Thereafter, the resulting unified competency framework was validated using a Delphi study with three consecutive rounds. All competencies (n = 95) were scored as relevant in the first round, and twelve competencies were adjusted in the second round. After the third round, all competencies were validated for inclusion. Nevertheless, differences in the setting in which a paediatrician may work make it difficult to apply a general framework, as not all competencies are equally relevant, applicable, or suitable for evaluation in every clinical setting. These challenges call for a clear description of the competencies to guide curriculum planning, and to provide a fitting workplace context and learning opportunities. Conclusion: A competency framework for paediatric post-graduate training was developed by combining three existing frameworks, and was validated through a Delphi study. This competency framework can be used in setting the goals for workplace learning during paediatric training. What is Known: Benefits of competency-based education and its underlying competency frameworks have been described in the literature. A single and comprehensive competency framework can facilitate training, assessment, and certification. What is New: Three existing frameworks were merged into one integrated framework for paediatric postgraduate education, which was then adjusted and approved by an expert panel. Differences in the working environment might explain how relevant a competency is perceived.
Journal: European journal of pediatrics
ISSN: 0340-6199
Volume: 181
Pages: 637 - 646
Keywords:A1 Journal article