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Development and characterization of a chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) based platform for evaluation of vasoactive medications.

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Among various anti-cancer therapies, tumor vascular disrupting agents (VDAs) play a crucial role, for which their off-targeting effects on normal vessels need also to be investigated. The purpose of this study was to set up an in-ovo platform that combines a laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) modality with chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) to real-time monitor vascular diameters and perfusion without and with intravascular injection. Two eggshell windows for both observation or measurement and injection were opened. Dynamic blood perfusion images and corresponding statistic graphs were acquired by using a LSCI unit on CAMs from embryo date (ED) 9 to ED15. A dedicated fine needle catheter was made for slow intravascular administration over 30 min with simultaneous LSCI acquisition. To verify the connectivity between CAM vessels and the embryonic circulations in the egg, contrast-enhanced 3D micro computed tomography (μCT), 2D angiography and histology were executed. This platform was successfully established to acquire, quantify and demonstrate vascular and hemodynamic information from the CAM. Chick embryos even with air cell opened remained alive from ED9 to ED15. Through collecting LSCI derived CAM vascular diameter and perfusion parameters, ED12 was determined as the best time window for vasoactive drug studies. A reverse correlation between CAM vessel diameter and blood perfusion rate was found (p < 0.002). Intravascular infusion and simultaneous LSCI acquisition for 30 min in ovo proved feasible. Contrast-enhanced angiography and histomorphology could characterize the connectivity between CAM vasculature and embryonic circulation. This LSCI-CAM platform was proved effective for investigating the in-ovo hemodynamics, which paves the road for further preclinical research on vasoactive medications including VDAs.
Journal: Microvascular Research
ISSN: 0026-2862
Volume: 142
Pages: 104372
Publication year:2022