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Design of the naphthyl-diarylpyrimidines as potent non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) via structure-based extension into the entrance channel

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

A series of novel naphthyl-diarylpyrimidine (DAPY) derivatives were designed and synthesized to explore the entrance channel of the non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors binding pocket (NNIBP) by incorporating different flexible side chains at the C-6 position. The biological evaluation results showed that all analogues possessed promising HIV-1 inhibitory activity at the nanomolar concentration range. Three compounds (7, 9 and 39) displayed excellent potency against WT HIV-1 strain with EC50 values ranging from 5 to 10 nM and high selectivity indexes (SI = 3504, 30488 and 22846, respectively), which were higher than for nevirapine and comparable to the values for etravirine. The RT inhibition activity, preliminary structure-activity relationship and molecular docking study showed that the side chain at the C-6 position of the DAPYs occupied the entrance channel and significantly influenced anti-HIV activity and selectivity. Additionally, the physicochemical properties were investigated to evaluate the drug-like features, which indicated that introducing various substituents on the pyrimidine ring can improve solubility.
Journal: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN: 0223-5234
Volume: 226
Number of pages: 15
Publication year:2021
Embargoed until:15/06/2022