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Cost-effective high-performance air-filled SIW antenna array for the global 5G 26 GHz and 28 GHz bands

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

A cost-effective, compact, and high-performance antenna element for beamforming applications in all fifth-generation (5G) New Radio bands in the [24.25-29.5] GHz spectrum is proposed in this letter. The novel antenna topology adopts a square patch, an edge-plated air-filled cavity, and an hourglass-shaped aperture-coupled feed to achieve a very high efficiency over a wide frequency band in a compact footprint (0.48 lambda(0) x 0.48 lambda(0)). Its compliance with standard printed circuit board (PCB) fabrication technology, without complex multilayer PCB stack, ensures low-cost fabrication. The antenna feedplane offers a platform for compact integration of active electronic circuitry. Two different modular 1 x 4 antenna arrays were realized to demonstrate its suitability for broadband multiantenna systems. Measurements of the fabricated antenna element and the antenna array prototypes revealed a-10 dB impedance bandwidth of 7.15 GHz (26.8%) and 8.2 GHz (30.83%), respectively. The stand-alone antenna features a stable peak gain of 7.4 +/- 0.6 dBi in the [24.25-29.5] GHz band and a measured total efficiency of at least 85%. The 1 x 4 array provides a peak gain of 10.1 +/- 0.7 dBi and enables grating-lobe-free beamsteering from -50 degrees to 50 degrees.
Journal: IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
ISSN: 1536-1225
Issue: 2
Volume: 20
Pages: 194 - 198
Publication year:2021