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Continuous synthesis of peralkylated imidazoles and their transformation into ionic liquids with improved (electro)chemical stabilities

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

A versatile and efficient method to synthesize tetrasubstituted imidazoles via a one-pot modified DebusRadziszewski reaction and their subsequent transformation into the corresponding imidazolium ionic liquids is reported. The tetrasubstituted imidazoles were also synthesized by means of a continuous flow process. This straightforward synthetic procedure allows for a fast and selective synthesis of tetrasubstituted imidazoles on a large scale. The completely substituted imidazolium dicyanamide and bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide salts were obtained via a metathesis reaction of the imidazolium iodide salts. The melting points and viscosities are of the same order of magnitude as for their non-substituted analogues. In addition to the superior chemical stability of these novel ionic liquids, which allows them to be applied in strong alkaline media, the improved thermal and electrochemical stabilities of these compounds compared with conventional imidazolium ionic liquids is also demonstrated by thermogravimetrical analysis (TGA) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). Although increased substitution of the ionic liquids does not further increase thermal stability, a definite increase in cathodic stability is observable.
Journal: Chemphyschem : A European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
ISSN: 1439-4235
Issue: 13
Volume: 13
Pages: 3146 - 3157
Publication year:2012