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A Conceptual Design of an Agent-based Interaction Model for the Carpooling Application

Book Contribution - Book Chapter Conference Contribution

Carpooling is an emerging alternative transportation mode that is eco-friendly and sustainable as it enables commuters to save time, travel resource, reduce emission and traffic congestion. The procedure of carpooling consists of a number of steps namely (i) create a motive to carpool, (ii) communicate this motive with other interested agents, (iii) negotiate a plan with the interested agents, (iv) execute the agreed plans and (v) provide a feedback to all concerned agents. The state-of-the-art research work on agent-based modeling is limited to a number of technical and empirical studies that are unable to handle the complex agent behavior in terms of coordination, communication and negotiations. In this paper we present a conceptual design of an agent-based model (ABM) for the carpooling application that serves as a proof of concept. Our agent-based model for the carpooling application is a computational model that is used for simulating the interactions of autonomous agents and to analyze the effects of change in factors related to the infrastructure, behavior and cost. In our agent-based carpooling application we use agent profiles and social networks to initiate our agent communication model and then employ a route matching algorithm and a utility function to trigger the negotiation process between agents. We plan to, as a part of the future work, develop a prototype of our agent-based carpooling application on the basis of the work presented in this paper. Furthermore, we also intend to carry out a validation study of our results with real data. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of [name organizer]
Book: ANT 2012 AND MOBIWIS 2012
Series: Procedia Computer Science
Volume: 10
Pages: 801 - 807
Number of pages: 7
Publication year:2012
Keywords:Computer Science, Hardware & Architecture, Computer Science, Theory & Methods, Agent-based model, Interaction, AgentProfile, Social network, Route matching algorithm, Utility function, FEATHERS