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Comparison of non-aureus staphylococcal and mammaliicoccal species found in both composite milk and bulk-tank milk samples of dairy cows collected in tandem

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Non-aureus staphylococci and the closely related mammaliicoccal species (NASM) are the most common causes of bovine subclinical mastitis on modern dairy farms and are highly prevalent in bulk-tank milk. The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution of NASM in both composite cow milk (CCM) and bulk-tank milk (BTM) samples collected in tandem in commercial Flemish dairy herds and to estimate the origin of the different (subgroups of) NASM species present in BTM by applying strain typing (random amplification of polymorphic DNA or random amplified DNA [RAPD]). A single cross-sectional sampling was performed over 5 herds that volunteered to participate in the study. Composite cow milk samples (n = 356) were collected from all lactating cows (except those with clinical mastitis) during a milking in tandem with 6 BTM samples per herd sequentially collected immediately post that milking (n = 30). In total, 421 and 80 NASM isolates were recovered and identified by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry from the CCM and BTM samples, respectively and a total of 21 and 12 different NASM species were identified from CCM and BTM samples, respectively. Staphylococcus cohnii was the most prevalent NASM species found in BTM followed by Staphylococcus haemolyticus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Mammaliicoccus lentus, and Staphylococcus equorum, whereas from CCM samples the most common species were S. hemolyticus, S. cohnii, S. equorum, S. epidermidis, and Staphylococcus chromogenes. The prevalent NASM species in both CCM and BTM samples was distinct for each herd, corroborating other studies observing a herd-specific NASM microbiota. Random amplified DNA analysis was performed on 9 NASM species (S. chromogenes , S. epidermidis , S. hae-molyticus , S. equorum , Mammaliicoccus sciuri , Staphylococcus xylosus , S. cohnii , Staphylococcus debuckii , and M. lentus) because these species were isolated from both sample types in a herd. The same RAPD types were found in both sample types for all NASM species selected for strain typing in varying degrees. When as-sessing the distribution of NASM species, differences within NASM species should be examined meaning a closer look should be taken at the strain level rather than at the species level only.
ISSN: 1525-3198
Issue: 11
Volume: 106
Pages: 7974 - 7990
Publication year:2023