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Comparative study of ultrasonic techniques for reconstructing the multilayer structure of composites

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

The multilayer structure of fiber-reinforced polymers may be extracted by ultrasonic pulse-echo inspection. Depending on the employed ultrasonic frequency and subsequent processing methodology, different depth resolution and dynamic depth range can be achieved. This study compares the performance of different ultrasonic pulse-echo approaches for extracting the ply-by-ply structure of multilayered composites. The following methodologies are studied: Method 1: 50 MHz, 15 MHz, and 5 MHz ultrasound with low-pass filtering using analysis of the instantaneous amplitude, Method 2: 15 MHz ultrasound with Wiener deconvolution (and autoregressive spectral extrapolation) using analysis of the instantaneous amplitude, and Method 3: 5 MHz ultrasound with lowpass or log-Gabor filtering using analysis of the instantaneous phase. In the simulation study, the performance of the various techniques is investigated on synthetic data representative for a 24-ply carbon fiber reinforced polymer. The robustness of the techniques is evaluated for different signal-to-noise ratios. The various techniques are further investigated on experimental data of a 24-ply cross-ply carbon fiber reinforced polymer. The ply-byply structure is extracted and presented in the form of both B-scan and C-scan images. The thickness of each ply is estimated for quantitative analysis. The obtained results indicate that the 5 MHz ultrasound coupled to analyticsignal analysis with log-Gabor filter shows the best performance for reconstructing the multilayer structure of the studied composites.
Journal: NDT & E INTERNATIONAL
ISSN: 1879-1174
Volume: 121
Number of pages: 1
Publication year:2021