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Caralluma tuberculata NEBr manifests extraction medium reliant disparity in phytochemical and pharmacological analysis
Journal Contribution - e-publication
Solubility of phytoconstituents depends on the polarity of the extraction medium used, which might result in the different pharmacological responses of extracts. In line with this, ethnomedicinally important food plant (i.e., Caralluma tuberculata extracts) have been made in fourteen distinct solvent systems that were then analyzed phytochemically via total phenolic amount estimation, total flavonoid amount estimation, and HPLC detection and quantification of the selected polyphenols. Test extracts were then subjected to a battery of in vitro assays i.e., antioxidants (DDPH scavenging, antioxidant capacity, and reducing power estimation), antimicrobial (antibacterial, antifungal, and antileishmanial), cytotoxic (brine shrimps, THP-1 human leukemia cell lines and normal lymphocytes), and protein kinase inhibition assays. Maximum phenolic and flavonoid contents were computed in distilled water-acetone and acetone extracts (i.e., 16 +/- 1 mu g/mg extract and 8 +/- 0.4/mg extract, respectively). HPLC-DAD quantified rutin (0.58 mu g/mg extract) and gallic acid (0.4 mu g/mg extract) in methanol-ethyl acetate and methanol extracts, respectively. Water-acetone extract exhibited the highest DPPH scavenging of 36 +/- 1%. Total reducing potential of 76.0 +/- 1 mu g/mg extract was shown by ethanol chloroform while maximum total antioxidant capacity was depicted by the acetone extract (92.21 +/- 0.70 mu g/mg extract). Maximal antifungal effect against Mucor sp., antileishmanial, brine shrimp cytotoxicity, THP-1 cell line cytotoxicity, and protein kinase inhibitory activities were shown by ethyl acetate-methanol (MIC: 50 mu g/disc), n-hexane (IC50: 120.8 +/- 3.7 mu g/mL), ethyl acetate (LD50: 29.94 +/- 1.6 mu g/mL), distilled water-acetone (IC50: 118 +/- 3.4 mu g/mL) and methanol-chloroform (ZOI: 19 +/- 1 mm) extracts, respectively. Our findings show the dependency of phytochemicals and bioactivities on the polarity of the extraction solvent and our preliminary screening suggests the C. tuberculata extract formulations to be tested and used in different ailments, however, detailed studies remain necessary for corroboration with our results.
Journal: Molecules: a journal of synthetic chemistry and natural product chemistry
Keywords:A1 Journal article