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Blast mitigation of reinforced concrete hollow core slabs using CFRP as externally bonded reinforcement

Book Contribution - Book Chapter Conference Contribution

One of todayU+2019s state-of-the-art techniques for strengthening of reinforced concrete structural el-ements is the use of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite strips as externally bonded reinforce-ment (EBR). This is justified for quasi-static loads by the high strength, light weight and excellent durability characteristics of CFRP EBR in combination with their ease of application. The present paper deals with the performance of the technique for blast loads. This paper investigates the usefulness of CFRP EBR to improve the flexural resistance capacity of reinforced concrete hollow core slabs (RCHCS) under blast loads. In order to achieve this objective, three simply supported RCHCS with a compression layer, were subjected to an ex-plosion test. The obtained experimental results of the RCHCS without and with EBR are presented and dis-cussed with the aim of evaluating the influence of EBR on the blast response of the RCHCS. A numerical analysis is also carried out using the finite element software LS-DYNA to complement the experimental re-sults.
Book: Advances in engineering materials, structures and systems : innovations, mechanics and applications : proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2019)
Number of pages: 1
Publication year:2019