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Basophil activation experiments in immediate drug hypersensitivity

Book Contribution - Chapter

Subtitle:more than a diagnostic aid
Background: Correct diagnosis of immediate drug hypersensitivity reactions (IDHRs) can pose a significant challenge, mainly because of the absence of reliable in vitro tests, uncertainties associated with skin testing, and incomplete understanding of the underlying mechanisms. Aim: To summarize and hypothesize on the potential of basophil activation test (BAT) as a safe aid to explore the mechanistic endotypes of IDHR, to identify antibody recognition sites, and to monitor drug desensitization. Methods: A literature search was conducted using the keywords “allergy, basophil activation, CD63, CD203c, diagnosis, drugs, hypersensitivity, flow cytometry”; this was complemented by the authors’ own expertise. Results: At present BAT has mainly been employed as a diagnostic aid. However, evidence is emerging that the technique might also deepen our insights in immune (allergic) and nonimmune (nonallergic) mechanistic processes of IDHR. It is anticipated that BAT might also benefit the identification of antibody recognition sites and benefit our understandings of desensitization strategies. Conclusion: Although the nondiagnostic application of BAT in IDHR is still in its infancy, with increasing employment, we can expect the technique to become a valuable asset to study many domains of IDHR that remain poorly understood.
Book: Basophils and mast cells methods and protocols / Gibbs, Bernhard F. [edit.]; et al. [edit.]
Pages: 197 - 211
Publication year:2020