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Assessment of the Traffic Enforcement Strategies Impact on Emission Reduction and Air Quality

Book Contribution - Book Chapter Conference Contribution

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that globally 3.7 million deaths were attributable to ambient air pollution (AAP)in 2012. Traffic congestion is one of the significant sources of air pollutants Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) areadvanced technologies that have been used widely in large cities. They have a potential impact on reducing traffic congestion andthen improving environmental quality. Many countries have targeted urban policy traffic enforcement strategies that are ITSbased on improving traffic emission and air quality. Because each strategy has a different impact level, the strategy thatpositively impacts location and traffic conditions might negatively impact under different conditions. Also, the authorities thattake the decision which strategies could be implemented. Therefore, this paper aims to evaluate the potential impact of trafficenforcement strategies on reducing traffic emissions and improving air quality. In our study, three typical traffic enforcementstrategies were evaluated: a traffic management regulation for speed limit changes, route changing, and fleet compositionchanges. The impact of these strategies on air quality was evaluated through evaluating the traffic air quality changes brought bythese strategies against a baseline (Base Case) scenario. The results indicate that the impact of these strategies on increasingenvironmental quality is not always positive. The reduction of CO was the highest in the speed restriction scenario (25.6%) thanother scenarios. While reducing the reduction of PM10 was less in speed restriction scenario (25.6%) than other scenarios. Thefindings can help the decision makers implement the best strategy to reduce traffic emission under different situations.
Book: 12TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AMBIENT SYSTEMS, NETWORKS AND TECHNOLOGIES (ANT) / THE 4TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EMERGING DATA AND INDUSTRY 4.0 (EDI40) / AFFILIATED WORKSHOPS
Series: Procedia Computer Science
Pages: 549 - 556
Number of pages: 8
Publication year:2021
Keywords:Intelligent Transportation Systems, Traffic Congestion, Environmental Quality, Large Cities
Accessibility:Open