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Aeration control strategies to stimulate simultaneous nitrification-denitrification via nitrite during the formation of aerobic granular sludge

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

In this study, a sequencing batch reactor (SBR), treating synthetic wastewater (COD/N = 5), was operated in two stages. During stage I, an aeration control strategy based on oxygen uptake rate (OUR) was applied, to accomplish nitrogen removal via nitrite >80%. In stage II, the development of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) was examined while two aeration control strategies (OUR and pH slope) maintained the nitrite pathway and optimized the simultaneous nitrification-denitrification (SND) performance. Stimulation of slow-growing organisms, (denitrifying) polyphosphate-accumulating organisms (D)PAO and (denitrifying) glycogen-accumulating organisms (D)GAO leads to full granulation (at day 200, SVI10 = 47.0 mL/g and SVI30 = 43.1 mL/g). The average biological nutrient removal efficiencies, for nitrogen and phosphorus, were 94.6 and 83.7%, respectively. Furthermore, the benefits of an increased dissolved oxygen concentration (1.02.0 mg O2/L) were shown as biomass concentrations increased with approximately 2 g/L, and specific ammonium removal rate and phosphorus uptake rate increased with 33 and 44%, respectively. It was shown that the combination of both aeration phase-length control strategies provided an innovative method to achieve SND via nitrite in AGS.
Journal: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
ISSN: 0175-7598
Volume: 101
Pages: 6829 - 6839
Publication year:2017