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Mixity in the post-Lisbon EU legal order: A constitutional law assessment in light of the principle of institutional balance

Within the scope of its attributed powers, the EU has a competence to enter into international

agreements with third countries and other international organisations. However, the individual EU

Member States have not, as a result, lost their capacity to enter into international agreements.

The Member States losing this competence remains the exception and in most cases there is a

possibility and sometimes even a necessity for both the EU and the Member States to be parties to

an international agreement with a third country or international organisation. EU jargon refers to

such a situation as one of U+2018ixityU+2019 the international agreement being a U+2018ixed agreementU+2019

The Treaty of Lisbon, in force since December 2009, has reformed the rules governing the EUU+2019

external relations and thereby added a further layer of complexity to mixity: even if the EU Court

of Justice has allowed for mixity, the phenomenon poses several legal problems at both practical

and fundamental level. The present research aims to answer a number of remaining legal

questions and to assess mixity from an EU constitutional law perspective, specifically under the

principle of institutional balance: what kind of mixity do we see post-Lisbon? How has the CourtU+2019

jurisprudence on the exercise of the EUU+2019 external competences, affecting the question of mixity

evolved post-Lisbon? How should this post-Lisbon mixity be assessed under the principle of

institutional balance enshrined in the EU Treaties?

Date:1 Oct 2017  →  30 Sep 2020
Keywords:EU legal order