Legal transplant of Greek-Roman Law through the Syntagma of Blastares.
Today’s Roman law studies deal with the common legal history of Europe. This fundamental legal historical research gives actual lawyers a better understanding of differences between European legal systems and gives information about the possibilities to coordinate or to unify European law. In the last 40 years legal historians of “Roman law” studied the ius commune latinum in order to understand the West-European law. In the next decades Roman lawyers will have to study ius commune graecum, the history of the common legal ideas of Eastern Europe, of the EU-states Greece, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria, of the Balkan states, Russia and Turkey. Basic legal thinking of those countries goes back to the Greco-Roman law of Constantinople. A special issue in the ius commune graecum is the relation between state and churches, in Greek the nomocanon, which has substantially influenced Islam. Its study gives also information about the genesis of Islamic legal thinking and its relation with secular law. The Syntagma Blastares of the 14th century is an exceptional document in the study of the ius commune graecum, because it was composed shortly before Greek immigrants imported legal thinking in the West (in 1453), because it deals with “nomocanonical” thinking (law influenced by religion) and with commercial exchanges between East and West and because it strongly influenced the Balkan states.